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Brief Introduction of Xi'an


As a saying goes: "Go to Shanghai and you will find a 100-year-old China; go to Beijing and you will find a 1000-year-old China; go to Xi'an and then you will find a 3000-year-old China." Together with Athens, Cairo and Rome, Xian is among the four major ancient civilization capitals of the world. Xi'an, as one of the birthplaces of the ancient Chinese civilization, is, by any means, on your China travel list.

Located in central-northwest China, Xian was called Chang'an (meaning the eternal city) in ancient times, it was home to the ruling house of 13 dynasties, since the Qin Dynasty (221 BC – 207 BC). The Emperor Qin Shihuang united China for the first time and left Xi'an and the world one of the most extraordinary archeological finds in history -  the Terracotta Warriors Pit (known as the " eighth wonder of the world"), which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors a year. It is on the natural westward land route out of China into Central Asia, the starting point and terminus of the famous Silk Road, which brought the city material wealth as well as religious and cultural melting for over a thousand years.

More than 3,000 years of history including over 1,100 years as the capital city of ancient dynasties, have endowed the city with an amazing historical heritage.

The short-lived totalitarian state of Qin Shihuang is mirrored in the awe-inspiring massed terra-cotta armies of the Terracotta Warriors. The influence of Buddhism is clear from the Wild Goose Pagoda, a chamber for the translation of the Buddhist scriptures by then widely renowned Master Xuan Zang, who returned to China in 645 after 15 years of travel across India and central Asia. Evidence of the flourishing trade along the Silk Routes may be found in the Shaanxi History Museum and Famen Temple. Another reminder of the enduring legacy of the Silk Road is the Great Mosque of Xi'an, presenting a strong Muslim minority, whose faith remains unchanged although their architecture is a mixture of Chinese design and western Islamic tradition.

Xi 'an is the capital of Shaanxi province of the People's Republic of China, it has been the leading city of China's Western Development Drive Program since 1990s. Today's Xian is China's large aircraft manufacturing base, largest and most important scientific research, higher education, national defense science and technology industry and high-tech industry base of the central-northwest region in China. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in China that providing visitors with modern and convenient facilities.

Located in the central area of Xi'an, the Xi'an City Wall, also known as the Xi'an Ming City Wall, is the largest and most complete preservation of the ancient city wall existing in China which was built during the Ming Dyansty (AD1368-1644), the outline was closed rectangle of a total area of 11.32 square kilometers.

The Bell Tower is the geographical center of the city, from which four main business streets radiating, North Avenue, South Avenue, West Avenue and East Avenue. With many universities around, Xiao Zhai is popular with youth and students and thus is one of the busiest commercial areas. The ancient streets of Shuyuanmen and Luomashi commercial area are two must-visit places. Actually, sightseeing in and around the city can keep even the most energetic visitors busy for a week or two.

The local cuisine is not among the eight great cuisines of China, but it enjoys enormous popularity. If you visit one of the local cuisine restaurants and taste local favorites like Yang Rou Pao Mo, you will find out why. After dinner, you can either enjoy a traditional form of entertainment, like the Qin Opera and the Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show, or indulge in modern bars and karaoke places.

Feel like shopping? Just go for traditional arts and crafts, folk handicrafts or replicas of antiquities. Xian is famous for good imitations of arts and crafts of the Qin and Tang dynasties, such as tri-colored glazed pottery and imitations of ancient bronze ware. Beyond that, visitors can also find replica Qin Dynasty embroidery, artistic porcelain ware, jade, carvings, paper cuttings, and paintings by the farmers of Huxian County which features strong Chinese traditions and local characteristics.

Locals are easygoing, yet shake their heads in regret that their ancestors "fell behind" their richer cousins in Beijing. However, tens of thousands of worldwide visitors, together with plenty of upscale new malls full of well-dressed shoppers, tell you that Xian is not that far behind.